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Granite, coarse- or medium-grained intrusive igneous rock that is rich in quartz and feldspar; it is the most common platonic rock of the Earth’s crust, forming by the cooling of magma (silicate melt) at depth.
Cut and polished surface of granite (magnified 1.5×). Large, slightly pink grains are microcline feldspar; white grains are sodium-rich plagioclase feldspar; smaller smoky grains are quartz; black spots are biotite and hornblende.
Because of its use as paving block and as a building stone, the quarrying of granite was, at one time, a major industrial activity. Except for tombstones, however, for which there is a continuing demand, the present production of granite is geared to the fluctuating market for curbing in highway construction and veneer used in the facing of large industrial and commercial buildings.
Precambrian: Greenstones and granites
Greenstone-granite belts such as those of the Archean continued to form in the Proterozoic, albeit in…
Granite may occur in dikes or sills (tabular bodies injected in fissures and inserted between other rocks), but more characteristically it forms irregular masses of extremely variable size, ranging from less than eight kilometres (five miles) in maximum dimension to larger masses (batholiths) that are often hundreds or thousands of square kilometres in area.
The principal constituent of granite is feldspar. Both plagioclase feldspar and alkali feldspar are usually abundant in it, and their relative abundance has provided the basis for granite classifications. In most granite, the ratio of the dominant to the subdominant feldspar is less than two. This includes most granites from the eastern, central, and southwestern United States, southwestern England, the Fennoscandian (Baltic Shield) area, western and central France, Spain, and many other areas.
Granite in which plagioclase greatly exceeds alkali feldspar are common in large regions of the western United States and are thought to be characteristic of the great series of batholiths stretching from Alaska and British Columbia southward through Idaho and California into Mexico. Granite with a great excess of alkali feldspar over plagioclase are known from New England; they occur in smaller bodies at numerous sites in British Paleogene and Neogene rocks and in the Oslo region of Norway, but their most extensive development is in northern Nigeria.
Rocks containing less than 20 percent quartz are almost never named granite, and rocks containing more than 20 percent (by volume) of dark, or ferromagnesian, minerals are also seldom called granite. The minor essential minerals of granite may include muscovite, biotite, amphibole, or pyroxene. Biotite may occur in granite of any type and is usually present, though sometimes in very small amounts. The sodic-amphiboles and pyroxenes (riebeckite, arfvedsonite, aegirine) are characteristic of the alkali granites. If neither feldspar is in great excess, neither amphibole nor pyroxene is likely to be an essential constituent; the other minerals will then ordinarily be either biotite or muscovite, or both.
There are two major source regions for producing molten granite:
For many centuries, marble and other types of natural stone have symbolized wealth and power when used for flooring and other surfaces in residential dwellings. In the ancient civilizations of Persia, Greece, and Italy, the hand labor involved in quarrying, cutting, and transporting natural stone meant that it was only the wealthiest citizens—or the government itself—who could afford to use these materials in their buildings. Although modern equipment and transportation systems now make it more accessible to more people, marble and other natural stone is still a building material that retains a royal mystique.
To understand why you need only consider what goes into making a typical marble floor tile.
How Stone Tiles Are Made
There are slight variations in how various types of natural stone are quarried and shaped into tiles or counter tops, but the process is similar for all the common types of stone, whether it is marble, granite, slate, limestone, or travertine. The example of how raw marble becomes a tile is a good example.
At an established commercial quarry, which in the case of marble is usually a mountainous site, often in a remote location, special equipment is used to drill access holes through which diamond wire cables are run. Motorized equipment draws the cutting cable through the stone, much the way a chainsaw cuts wood (although it takes much longer) until a large block of stone weighing hundreds of tons is separated from the surrounding stone in the quarry.
Still in place, this large block is now cut down into smaller blocks, each weighing thousands of pounds, which are lifted by heavy cranes onto massive trucks that transport the blocks to a cutting yard, where a gang saw with multiple cutting blades slices the block into individual slabs, much the way a bread slicer cuts a loaf into slices. At some sites, specialized saws also cut narrow strips for marble that is destined to be cut into tiles.
The slabs or strips are now passed through equipment that polishes the faces of the stone. The process begins with coarse diamond abrasives and gradually moves to very fine abrasives. Once the degree of polish is satisfactory, the slabs or strips are packed and shipped by truck to distribution facilities, which may be located near ocean ports if the stone is destined for overseas locations. When shipped overseas, the stone is shipped in massive 20-foot long shipping containers holding up to 20 tons each.
After weeks aboard ship and further transportation by truck, the slabs or strips reach wholesale distribution centres, where individual retail customers—either retail stores or individual consumers—may inspect and purchase the stone. If the stone is being cut into tiles, it is usually purchased in bulk by tile manufacturers, who ship it to factories where the strips of stone are cut into individual tiles and packed for redistribution to warehouses or showroom centers. If the stone is to be used for countertops or similar applications, the hand-selected slab is shipped to a fabricator who will cut it to the specifications of specific building sites.
Given how many steps are involved and how many hands touch a slab of stone, it is no wonder that marble and other natural stone are among the most expensive surfaces you can choose for a bathroom. Still, there are reasons why stone is among the most desired of all remodeling materials.
Advantages of Stone
Today, the principle advantage of marble and other natural stone in a bathroom is that it makes a bold statement of elegance and style. In centuries past, stone was chosen as a building material because of its strength and durability, but in today’s construction, other building materials offer better strength and nearly equal durability—as well as lower cost. What hasn’t changed—and probably never will, since marble and other natural stone exist in limited supplies—is that natural stone symbolizes exclusivity and style.
Aesthetically, every quarry in the world has a slightly different form of stone, and even within the same quarry, individual slabs of stone will have slightly different veining and coloring. This means that a floor, counter-top, or wall surface made of marble or another natural stone will always have a unique look that is different from every other bathroom in the world.
The fact that natural stone is both expensive and unique means that using marble or other natural stone in your home almost automatically improves its resale value. Real estate agents will virtually always point out the presence of natural stone when selling a home, and prospective buyers always view it as a strong positive.
Some of the disadvantages of stone (and there are many) have now been reduced or eliminated by the development of chemical sealers that allow marble, granite, and other natural stone to be sealed against water and stains. The availability and effectiveness of these synthetic sealers are largely responsible for natural stone now being a viable material for wet locations such as bathrooms. Even showers—once off-limits to marble and other natural stone—are now seeing stone surfaces installed with some
Types of White Marble and Their Best Uses
White Marble has a magical ability to make any home villa hotel hospital and projects feel like it has been coated with luxury, and for some Architects, Engineers and Interior designers, there is simply no substitute for white marble.
There are many different kinds of white marble you can use in your home, with white marble being a classic selection. All white marble types have their own beautiful intricacies and various purposes depending on where and how they’ll be used in a space.
White Marble is a calcium rich natural stone, meaning it continues to change over time with use, adding character to the piece. This can be most obvious with white marble, as imperfections are more visible. When taken care of, it can remain in tip-top shape, preserving its unique personality while still looking luxurious. For those looking to add white marble into their home, villa hotel hospital and projects take a look at different types of white marble and their best uses.
White Makrana Marble
Top Indian White Marble for your home villa hotel hospital and projects
Makrana white Marble always look Cozi and Charming.
Makrana White Marble for your interior top Makrana White Marble for your projects
Makrana White Marble
Top Makrana White Marble:
The shine and the long lasting of Makrana white marble makes it top choice of Indian white marble. Makrana white marble is perfect in Flooring Elevation Decoration counter-top and carving statues and wall cladding.
Makrana White Marble available in our factory outlet showroom in India. Makrana white Marble is a metamorphic rock, which long lasting durable and hard Marble. We suggest you to use Makrana white marble for your home villa hotel hospital and projects this is top Indian white marble for your project.
Makrana Pure White Marble
Makrana White Marble is the best quality marble, Taj Mahal, Victoria Memorial, Birla Mandir and many other beautiful monuments are made of Makrana white marble.
Price start from: 350₹ to 750₹ per Square Feet
Wonder white Marble
Wonder white marble is a kind of marble which is quarried in some parts of south of Rajasthan. Wonder white marble has a beige and purple spot or line with white background. Wonder white marble is pure calcite and fine grain white marble.
Wonder White marble: Elegant look that make it modern white marble, it’s so beautiful because it is a softer appearance. Wonder white marble make beautiful to your home 🏡 villa, hotel hospital and projects. Indian white marble product.
Indian White Marble
Wonder white marble Price: ₹ 30 to 150 per Square Feet
White Banswara Marble
White Banswara Marble is one of the most popular marble which is highly used for hotels like Marriott, JW Marriott, Lila palace, Clark group, Rajasthani Resort and spa and many more. Banswara white marble uses residential as well as commercial projects. Banswara white marble is usually known for its pure white color and purple 🤣 line. Banswara white marble is also known as wonder White marble.
Banswara white marble looks so cute because of its fine grain, white color. Banswara White Marble has the quality of white color. We offer the best quality with quantity and best price of Banswara white Indian marble.
Top Banswara White Marble
Price: 50₹ to 175₹ per Square Feet.
Agaria White Marble
Agaria white marble is one of the good and the old marble and is a good quality of Indian white marble. Agaria white marble has been used since time to make temples and mosques in India.
Agaria white marble background is white in color and it usually comes with born lining on it. Sometimes lining of other colors also present on Agaria white marble. It is a good quality Indian white marble.
Agaria white marble Price: 75₹ to 200₹ per Square Feet.
Wonder Beige Marble
Wonder Beige Marble is a medium quality of white Marble found in India. It has beige as background color with light brown spot or pattern on it. Wonder Beige Marble is good choice for interior as well as exterior. Wonder Beige marble has smooth and shiny surface.
Wonder Beige Marble is quarried in the south of Rajasthan, India. Wonder Beige marble is also used for manufacturing sculptures.
Top wonder Beige Marble
Price: 30₹ to 75 ₹ per Square Feet
Indian White marble that renders a Taj Mahal look to walls and its grayish variant that makes floors look elegant.
Indian white onyx marble
Indian Onyx white marble is known for its rich palette of beautiful colors and appearance. It became a popular choice due to its beauty and elegance. Indian white Onyx marble is easy to use also it is a versatile material which is used to make wall cladding, Flooring Elevation Decoration counter-top and carving, tabletops, wainscot, Bar counter and vanity tops etc.
Morwad white marble:
Morwad White Marble is the good option for flooring purpose. It can be also used for the Counter top and wall cladding Flooring Elevation Decoration counter-top.
Add by Expert and Export team of Bhandari Marble World, India, Rajasthan, Kishangarh-305801